Measurement modules

Balance and joint stability

Body is in a stable position when the central body mass point projects inside the area of support. Balance is an ability to maintain the center of gravity of a body within the base of support with minimal postural sway while functional joint stability encompasses more focal ability of the body to ensure the right stiffness of joint needed to avoid injury of its structures. Both these abilities have often also been named as proprioception which is defined as as the ability of the body to recognize position, posture and movement in time and space. However, there are rich sensory-motor processes going on behind such safety reactions of our body, that involve much broader sensory involvement (proprioceptors, eksteroceptors, nociceptors, vision, vestibular system, acoustic system).

Balance and functional joint stability play a crucial role in rehabilitation process of the injuries of the locomotor system. They are also very important as the direct or indirect sports achievement-related abilities. It is important to develop and evaluate the level of these abilities using well quantified procedures.

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